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Mission Ocean and Waters service portal

A variety of financial instruments, used for the purpose of financing projects and actions related to ocean conservation and blue economy are available to those working on conservation and restoration work of marine ecosystems. 

The boxes below provide overviews of key financial instruments that can be used to finance Mission projects. Please click on the titles for more details on the ideal beneficiaries, potential investors, and strengths and criticisms for each instrument, together with case study examples. For further information on financial instruments for the Mission, please download the detailed background report.

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Blue Bond

A Blue Bond is a debt instrument that national governments, development banks and corporations issue to raise finance for marine and ocean-based projects that have long-term sustainability objectives and benefits. Blue Bonds work like conventional bonds wherein an investor lends capital to the bond issuer who pays back the initial investment plus an interest rate every year until the end of the bond’s term. 

Outcome-linked Loan

An outcome-linked loan, sometimes referred to as a sustainability-linked load, is a financial instrument which requires the borrower to achieve ambitious, measurable and predetermined sustainability performance targets and key performance indicators (KPIs). These loans can be availed and provided by various entities including non-profits, corporations, and governments. 

Sustainability-linked Credit Facility

Credit facilities are more flexible than traditional loans wherein the borrower can take out finance over an extended period. Similar to outcome-linked loans, blue-linked credit facilities are also linked to sustainability performance targets and key performance indicators.  

Blue Blended Finance Fund

This refers to the process of integrating different types of capital from diverse sources into a single financial instrument for the blue economy to minimise risks and maximise scale. Borrowers for this type of financing includes small to medium-sized businesses in the blue economy (e.g. fisheries), while Foundations and NGOs and larger (public) financial institutions (e.g. European Investment Bank) tend to be the sponsors and investors, respectively.   

Carbon Credits from Blue Ecosystems

Carbon credits allow companies or countries to financially purchase the reduction, capture and or avoidance of emissions elsewhere or by another party in order for the company/country to continue to produce emissions. International (carbon) credits were used in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) Phase 3 between 2013 to 2020, but international carbon credits are no longer in use for the Phase 4 of the EU ETS due to the EU’s emissions reduction target.  

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